Polish Pottery History
The history of Polish Pottery is as unique as the pottery itself. Here are some interesting facts about how Polish Pottery came to be.
1. Polish Pottery might have been known as German Pottery. The Polish Pottery that we know today actually originated hundreds of years ago in a German Province called Silesia. It began in the German town called Bunzlau. It was only after World War II that this area became part of Poland. Bunzlau, Gemrany became Boleslawiec, Poland and the rest is history!
2. The Peacock Eye was used early on as the common decoration. While Polish Pottery is now decorated with everything from flowers to animals, the “peacock eye ” (a round circle with a dot in the middle) was adopted during the 1830s’as the trademark of this pottery. There are still many patterns today that incorporate the peacock eye into their design. Pictured below is a plate featuring the Peacock Eye.
3. Farmers were some of the first Polish Pottery makers. In the early 1500’s, farmers in the region made pottery during the winter months when it was too cold to work outside. They used potatoes to stamp the designs onto the pottery, and then glazed each piece with a dark brown colored glaze. The pottery was simple in both design and in color, but would become more intricate, and more colorful, at the end of the 1800’s and into the early 1900’s. In 1897, the school of ceramics was opened in Bunzlau to formally train pottery artists.
Today, you can find Polish Pottery in hundreds of different designs. While it is traditionally known for its blue and white colors, you can now find very colorful pieces as well.